Kalamata was occupied by the Ottomans from 1481 to 1685, just like the remaining of Greece. The Venetian Republic dominated Kalamata from 1685 as a part of the “Kingdom of the Morias”. Throughout the Venetian occupation the town was fortified, developed and thrived economically. However, the Ottomans reoccupied Kalamata within the war of 1715 and controlled it till the Greek War of Independence.
Kalamata was the primary town to be liberated within the Greek War of Independence. On twenty three of March 1821, it had been taken by the Greek revolutionary forces under the command of generals Theodoros Kolokotronis, Petros Mavromichalis and Papaflessas. However, in 1825, the invasive Abraham pasha destroyed the town. In independent Greece, Kalamata was restored and became one amongst the foremost vital ports within the Mediterranean Sea. it’s not shocking that the second-oldest Chamber of Commerce within the Mediterranean, after that of Marseille, exists in Kalamata.
During World War II on twenty nine of April 1941, a battle was fought close to the port between the invasive German forces and also the second New Zealand Division, where Jack Hinton was later awarded the Victoria Cross. After World War II, and because of political problems, Kalamata, furthermore as most of the peninsula, was excluded from the government’s development plans in favour of north Greece. That was a serious brake on the native economy, leading to the decline of the port. Throughout the Seventies and Eighties, development and growth in Kalamata were unknown.
Kalamata city was once more within the news on thirteen September 1986, with an earthquake that measured 6.2 on magnitude scale. It had been described as “moderately strong” and caused significant harm killing twenty people and ruining the town. Following this severe damage, the native authorities and people strained their money resources to bring a wind of change to the forgotten capital of Messinia. Because of these efforts, Kalamata has currently totally recovered and developed into a contemporary urban center. Today, Kalamata has the second largest population and mercantile activity in peninsula. It makes necessary exports, notably of native products like raisins, olives and oil. It’s additionally the seat of the Metropolitan Bishop of Messinia Chrysostomus III, since fifteen March 2007.